English publication

Theunissen, N.C.M., Stubbé, H.E. (2014) iSELF: the development of an Internet-Tool for Self-Evaluation and Learner Feedback. Electronic Journal of E-Learning (EJEL), 12(4), 313–325.


This paper describes the theoretical basis and development of the iSELF: an Internet-tool for Self-Evaluation and Learner Feedback to stimulate self-directed learning in ubiquitous learning environments. In ubiquitous learning, learners follow their own trails of interest, scaffolded by coaches, peers and tools for thinking and learning. Ubiquitous learning solutions include on- and off-line, formal and informal learning. To benefit from its possibilities, learners need to develop competencies for self-directed learning. To do so, a self-evaluation tool can help the learner to get insight in his/her own development, to manage and monitor his/her own learning process, to collaborate in learning, to relate the learning to 'real life' needs, and to take control over educational decisions. The iSELF was developed in an iterative process, complying to the following high level requirements: (1) Enabling learning anytime, anywhere; (2) Supporting self-directed learning; (3) Evaluating learner, learning solutions and job-needs; (4) Assessing learner competencies; (5) Using card-sort method for questionnaires; (6) Facilitating questionnaires 'under construction'; and (7) User-friendly design. The resulting online tool contained a card-sort module, looking somewhat like a 'solitaire' game, a profile module to evaluate core competencies, and a feedback module to suggest learning possibilities. For illustration, 14 different studies that contributed to the development of iSELF and to the development of self-evaluation questionnaires compliant to iSELF, are briefly discussed. These illustrative studies included various populations: e.g. students, employees from small and medium enterprises, crisis management organizations, and the military. Usefulness and usability of the self-evaluation tool were valued positively. The iSELF contributes to an adaptive ubiquitous learning environment in which the learner can make the educational decisions according to self-directed learning principles. The iSELF will stimulate self-directed learning in a ubiquitous learning environment and will help to create learners for life.


Self-Evaluation, Self-Assessment, Self-Monitoring, Internet-Tool, Ubiquitous Learning,Self-Directed Learning, Feedback;

picture of N.C.M. Theunissen

Last updated on 12 February, 2015.